• A personal note on IGBP and the social sciences

    Humans are an integral component of the Earth system as conceptualised by IGBP. João Morais recalls key milestones in IGBP’s engagement with the social sciences and offers some words of advice for Future Earth.
  • IGBP and Earth observation:
    a co-evolution

    The iconic images of Earth beamed back by the earliest spacecraft helped to galvanise interest in our planet’s environment. The subsequent evolution and development of satellites for Earth observation has been intricately linked with that of IGBP and other global-change research programmes, write Jack Kaye and Cat Downy .

An international observational network for ocean acidification

Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (2010)
Feely R A, Fabry VJ J, Dickson A, Gattuso J-P, Bijma J, Riebesell U, Doney S, Turley C, Saino T, Lee K, Anthony K and Kleypas J
Hall J, Harrison DE and Stammer D,  eds
Venice, Italy, 21–25 September 2009, ESA Publication WPP-306
DOI: 10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.29
Vol 2

An integrated international interdisciplinary program of ship-based hydrography, time-series moorings, floats and gliders with carbon system, pH and oxygen sensors, and ecological surveys is recommended to determine the largescale changes in the properties of ocean water and the associated biological responses to ocean acidification. By carefully coordinating ocean acidification requirements with the future research plans of the ocean carbon and biological communities, and adding additional sensors and moorings where needed, many of the research requirements of the ocean-acidification community can be met for open-ocean regions. For coastal environments, a large network of new hydrographic and ecological surveys, moorings and floats will be required to provide a coastal observing system for ocean acidification. These activities will require a coordinated international research effort that is closely linked with other international carbon research programs, such as the CLIVAR/CO2 Repeat Hydrography Program. Many of the data synthesis activities, data archiving and international data management activities could be shared between the carbon and ocean acidification programs. Presently, many countries are engaged in ocean acidification research and monitoring activities. For example, the European ocean acidification community has developed a major multi-nation program known as the European Program on Ocean Acidification (EPOCA). The total cost of the present observational efforts for ocean acidification is estimated at about $10 Million US dollars per year. We estimate that the cost of an expanded international observational program as described below to be approximately $50 Million US dollars per year.

Follow us

Please note!

IGBP closed at the end of 2015. This website is no longer updated.

No events available

  • Global Change Magazine No. 84

    This final issue of the magazine takes stock of IGBP’s scientific and institutional accomplishments as well as its contributions to policy and capacity building. It features interviews of several past...

  • Global Change Magazine No. 83

    This issue features a special section on carbon. You can read about peak greenhouse-gas emissions in China, the mitigation of black carbon emissions and the effect of the 2010-2011 La Niña event on gl...